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what anesthesiologist do

An anesthesiologist will meet with you before your surgery and ask you questions to assess your risk and suitability to give anaesthesia. These include questions such as:

    • Do you have any health problems?
    • Do you have any dental problems, such as loose teeth or false teeth?
    • What medicines do you take, including over-the-counter medicines and supplements?
    • Do you smoke, drink alcohol, or use any illegal drugs?
    • Do you have any allergies to foods or medicines
    • Have you or any of your relatives ever had a problem with anesthesia medicines?

In some cases, you might have a choice between different types of anesthesia.
Your anesthesiologist will also tell you how your anesthesia will be given and answer any questions you have. They will continually check your breathing, blood \ pressure, and heart rate during the procedure. If you have general anesthesia, your anesthesiologist also makes sure you stay unconscious.

Can I wake up during general anesthesia?

It is very rare to wake up during general anesthesia (less than 1 patient in every 15,000
operations). Your anesthesiologist constantly adjusts the medicines to keep you from waking up.

Are there any side effects from anesthesia?

Each type of anesthesia has possible side effects.
If you have a spinal block or epidural, the numbness will last for a few hours after your
procedure before wearing off. Other side effects can include:

  • Headache – There is a small chance of getting a type of headache that can last for several days. This is sometimes called a “spinal headache.” It usually goes away on its own, but pain-relieving medicines and other treatments can help.
  • Trouble urinating – Some patients have trouble emptying their bladders for a few hours after surgery until the anesthetic wears off.

 If you have general anesthesia, you will likely feel a little groggy or confused for a short time after waking up. Other side effects can include:

  • Feeling sick to your stomach (nausea) and throwing up (vomiting) – Your anesthesiologist can give you medicines for this problem.
  • A sore throat – This can happen if you had a breathing tube. It usually gets better quickly.

what is anesthesia

“Anesthesia” is a medical term for different types of medicine people get before and during surgery or procedure. These medicines are given to make sure you do not feel pain during the procedure. In some cases, like when you are “put to sleep” for surgery, the anesthesia medicines also prevent you from remembering it afterwards.
Anesthesia medicines are given by a doctor called an “anesthesiologist.” Sometimes a “nurse anesthetist” is involved, too. These are nurses with special training in anesthesia.
  1. Local

    This type of anesthesia uses medicine to numb a small part of your body so you don’t feel pain. It can be given as a cream, gel, or spray on the skin. It can also be given by an injection (shot) into the skin. You might be awake when you get local anesthesia.

  2. Regional

    This type of anesthesia blocks pain in one area of your body, such as an arm, leg, or the
    lower half of your body. If you get regional anesthesia, you might be awake. Or you might get medicines to make you relax and feel sleepy, called “sedatives.” Sedatives are given through a thin tube that goes into a vein, called an “IV.

    One type of regional anesthesia is called a “spinal block.” The anesthesiologist puts a small needle in your lower back, and injects medicine to numb the nerves in your spine. It can be used for surgery done on your legs or inside your belly. Another type is an “epidural.” The anesthesiologist uses a needle to put a small tube (called a “catheter”) into your lower back, near the nerves in your spine. Some women get an epidural during childbirth. Other people get one for a surgical procedure or to control pain after surgery.

  3. General

    This type of anesthesia makes you unconscious so you can’t feel, see, or hear anything during surgery. Some of the medicines are given through an IV. Others are gases that you breathe. You might also get a breathing tube to help you breathe. If this happens, the anesthesiologist will carefully place the tube in your throat while you are asleep during general anesthesia, and remove it before you wake up.

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